Nice is the fifth-largest city in France, with 340,000 inhabitants. It was founded as "Nikaïa" by the Greeks and later became a Roman town. The Roman excavations at Cimiez are worth a visit.
Nice has been welcoming artists and painters for a long time as is demonstrated in its many museums (Matisse, Chagalle, and within 25 km of Nice, Renoir, and Picasso).
Nowadays Nice is a popular tourist destination as the main city of the French riviera (Côte d'Azur), with nice beaches, steep cliffs and the glamorous "Promenade des Anglais".
The old town of Nice is a labyrinth of small alleys, displaying street names both in French and the Niçois dialect. It harbours many cafés, bars, restaurants and brasseries where some of the local delicacies can be tasted, such as socca (savoury crêpe), pan-bagnat (sandwich), pissaladière (a kind of pizza) or tourte des blettes (chard pie).